What is TB disease

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium that primarily affects the lungs but can affect to the bones, kidneys and other organs.

How can the doctor tell if a patient has tuberculosis?

Most physicians follow a procedure based on several tests. At first performing a tuberculin test, and if this test is positive there is an opportunity for you are infected with tuberculosis. Then, a chest radiograph is performed along with a physical examination to check if you are contagious or not. Most People are PPD positive, but this does not mean you are contagious.

Positive PPD means I’m sick?

You may know what positive TB test looks like. People usually are not positive PPD TB patients who have bacteria in their lungs, but not affected by it. While you have an intact immune system does not manifest the disease, but if your immune system is weakened then the bacteria can wake up and manifest. Only then a person is considered sick.

How can infection TB can be treated?

The treatment lasts six months and the patient has to take a daily pill called isoniazid and the same time. Each month, the patient goes for a checkup and the doctor will prescribe the same treatment if there are side effects of the pill. If nausea, rash, or skin appear this treatment the doctor replaced with another.
It is important that patients follow the prescribed treatment otherwise the bacteria can continue living in the lung and damage to the patient.

During this treatment with isoniazid the patient is not allowed to drink alcohol, side effects may occur and interfere with the efficiency treatment.

After six months the patient is cured?

Typically, if the patient follows the prescribed treatment of tuberculosis should disappear. There some cases where the bacteria is resistant to the pill prescribed by what is still in the lungs after treatment has ended. But tests at the end of treatment are shown if the patient is well or need other treatment.

What are the symptoms of active tuberculosis?

Patients may have fever, loss of appetite, night sweats, weight loss and severe coughing and fatigue.

How can tuberculosis be active?

Treatment is made from a combination of drugs. The following medications are used in the treatment of active tuberculosis: isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide.
These medications should not be taken with alcohol or acetaminophen may cause side effects. If any of these listed, please call your doctor: nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, rash, extreme fatigue, jaundice and fever.


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